Latin facultās presumably developed from an original *faklitāts (via *fakl̥tāts > *fakiltāts > facultās) . . .


Does the /l̥/ in *fakl̥tāts represent a voiceless (alveolar) lateral approximate, or does it represent something else? Does /l̥/ represent different allophones?

1 Answer 1


This is a symbol borrowed from Proto-Indo-European—linguists working with PIE regularly use * for something like IPA /l̩/, a syllabic lateral, not a voiceless one.

However, I'm not quite sure why the authors of that article posit a syllabic lateral here. I've never seen syllabic resonants proposed for any stage of Latin before.

  • 1
    The reconstructions in the quoted MW dictionary entry are taken from Michael Weiss Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin, one of the best historical grammars of Latin.
    – Alex B.
    Mar 12, 2020 at 2:54

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