How to ask "How do you do?" in Latin. Quomodo te habes, is it common?
What other common greetings for the "How are you?" exist?

I have seen:

  • Quomodo es?
  • Quid agis?
  • Quomodo te habes?

I would not use quomodo es. It is a calque of the English phrase and does not strike me as sensible Latin. Of course, if someone finds attestations in reliable sources, I am ready to revert my opinion. Translated another way, quomodo es? is "in what way are you?", and that should give a hint at the unnatural nature of the phrase. Many idioms are unnatural but have become common, but the same turn of phrase is not necessarily sensible in all languages.

If you were to expand the English question "how are you?" to "how are you feeling?", you would get better translations. For example, quomodo vales? is a good way to ask for health. Mind you that I would take that as an actual question, not a mere greeting. Quomodo te habes? and ut vales? are essentially synonymous to it.

Quid agis? is a good question, but it's more directly "what are you doing?". I wouldn't use it for "how do you do?" or "how are you?" but "what's up?".

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    I think quid agis? is indeed the best match, often used like "what's up?". I would add ut vales? and ut valetur? for the "how are you feeling?" flavour. – Vincenzo Oliva Nov 7 '19 at 11:25
  • @VincenzoOliva Good point! I added ut vales as an option. I chose to leave the passive out for simplicity, and I'm sure I've overlooked something else too. There's always room to go beyond basics, but I think an elementary answer is worthwhile at least as one of the answers. – Joonas Ilmavirta Nov 7 '19 at 13:22
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    I wonder about Valesne? – Tim Lymington Nov 8 '19 at 18:17
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    @TimLymingtonsupportsMonica That sounds more like "Are you ok?" to me, not really a greeting. – Joonas Ilmavirta Nov 8 '19 at 18:38

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