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I didn't find -ula among the diminutive endings discussed on this site in the question "Constructing Latin diminutives." Hadrian's famous poem "Animula vagula, blandula" uses these 3 diminutives plus "nudula." Might this be a later form, not found in Classical texts? It also occurs in Carmina Burana, much later than Hadrian--"Si puer cum puellula/moraretur in cellula."

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    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Sep 23 '19 at 3:45
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The diminutive ending -ula is common in classical Latin, and arguably productive. The examples you found are not exceptional.

The linked question does not discuss all the Latin diminutives. The suffixes listed in the question are all masculine, but there are corresponding feminine and neuter variants. So the -ulus there implicitly includes -ula (and -ulum).

Here are some attested pairs:

  • amica > amicula
  • bucca > buccula
  • caliga > Caligula
  • casa > casula
  • forma > formula
  • lacrima > lacrimula
  • palma > palmula
  • ruta > rutula
  • sica > sicula
  • toga > togula
  • vila > villula

There are also lots of diminutives where -ula does not simply replace -a, such as mulier > muliercula.

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