Prompted by the weird Alcaeus word αυεουλλαι glossed by Hesychius as ἄελλαι παρὰ ἄκλω (Ἀλκαίῳ?), I looked further, and found the root *welH-, meaning "to turn, to wind" (as in "winding road").
ἄελλα is supposed to mean "whirlwind", which is something that blows (*h₂weh₁-) and turns (*welH-), so it sounds sensible that PIE could have stuck the two above roots together into *h₂weh₁-welH-, "blowy-turn" = "whirlwind".
Evolving it into Greek, that would seem to produce *αϝεϝελλ-, which as a first-declension noun would give *ἀϝέϝελλα. If such a word existed, corruption of its plural into αυεουλλαι doesn't seem too implausible.
Imagine then that one ϝε had just dropped off, for whatever reason, and the stress had shifted back. That would explain ἄελλα.
Question 1: Is the above etymology plausible? Otherwise, where do the two lambdas come from?
While on the subject, here is what happens to the Hesychius gloss:
- "vulgo", as LP puts it, correct to αὔελλαι, which seems like it's basically ἄϝελλαι with the digamma vocalized.
- Edmonds corrects it into αὔϝολλαι, citing other examples of υϝ which I discuss here at the item for the gloss (3.xxv).
- LP states "vulgo" is acting contra litteratum ordinem, and should have gone for ἄυελλαι, ubi υ pro ϝ accipi poterat, and, while that edition doesn't produce an amendment outside the app. crit., Campbell takes up the ἄϝελλαι amendment for his own.
- Voigt omits this gloss, refusing to deal with it.
Question 2: Can someone help me figure out what logic Edmonds is following in his suggestion? Every υϝ has a different etymology!
Question 3: How is "vulgo"'s correction against the order of the letters and LP's not, when the difference is literally shifting the stress back? What corruption pathway can one imagine to get from ἄϝελλα to αυεουλλα?
In case anyone sees this who has seen this Quora question of mine, yes, this is sorta-kinda a repost, but etymology questions and Sappho/Alcaeus questions there tend to not fare too well, and since it's been six days since I asked, I decided it was time to ask here.