Off the top of my head, I can think of a few Latin verbs with obvious Greek cognates: pherō~ferō "to bear", pheugō~fugiō "to flee".

But all the words I can think of are in the third conjugation. Are there any first-, second-, and fourth-conjugation verbs with straightforward Greek relatives?

  • Detail: do the Greek cognates have to be verbs at all? Do they need to have vowels corresponding to the Latin vowels?
    – Cerberus
    May 9, 2019 at 22:03

1 Answer 1


Sure, lots, though some are less obvious because of sound changes etc. Examples:

1st conjugation: : δίδωμι, stō : ἵστημι, vocō : εἶπον

2nd conjugation: videō : εἶδον, οἶδα, moneō : μιμνήσκω, maneō : μένω, pleō : πίμπλημι

4th conjugation: veniō : βαίνω, saliō : ἅλλομαι, potior : δεσ-πότης

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